Theory of Location, Land Use and Land Values (LLL-Theory)
Dream and Reality in Urban Design
||Usually, urban designers consider only the aesthetic
aspects of a project. The advanced-level course on LLL-Theory represents
an addition to those criteria. Students learn that, in urban development,
form follows function more obviously than anywhere else. The students learn
to understand the basic rules of development that all towns have in common.
Gaming Simulation with Investors and Politicians.
Methods of Simulation
The most important tool of the LLL-method is the simulation of cause
and effect. What happens if I build a skyscraper at point A? What happens
if I refrain from building that skyscraper but instead, build a bridge
over the lake from point B to point C?
All modern technologies are used to assist these studies: computer simulation,
mathematical optimization and prognosis, and gaming simulation. In the
gaming simulation, the students play the roles of city planners, investors,
politicians and residents in order to improve the structure of actual
Prognosis of Growth for Old-Zurich (in front) and New-Zurich (in the
Cooperation with Investors and Communities
A close cooperation between investors and authorities is an essential part
of this course as the following selected titles of students papers show: The
project of a ‘ringrail’ in Basle and its possible effects on the city’s development.
The analysis of population shifts in the region of Solothurn. The simulation
of the competition between Old-Zurich and New-Zurich. An LLL-analysis of the
building for the Department of Architecture at the ETH Zurich. ‘Chains of calls’
within and around downtown Zofingen. The impact of a new subway in Lausanne.
Zoning and reality in Olten. The simulation of the development of the city of
Berlin 19922010. The LLL-analysis of the land use patterns of Mexico City.